honour all human beings irrespective of their religion, color, race, sex, language,
status, property, birth, profession/job and so on.
to the point, without any ambiguity or deception.
words to speak and say them in the best possible way.
Do not shout.
Speak politely keeping your voice low.
Always speak the
truth. Shun words that are deceitful and ostentatious.
Do not confound
truth with falsehood.
Say with your
mouth what is in your heart.
Speak in a
civilized manner in a language that is recognised by the society and is
When you voice
an opinion, be just, even if it is against a relative.
Do not be a
Do not talk,
listen or do anything vain.
participate in any paltry. If you pass near a futile play, then pass by with
Do not verge
upon any immodesty or lewdness whether surreptitious or overt.
unintentionally, any misconduct occurs by you, then correct yourself
Do not be
contemptuous or arrogant with people.
Do not walk
haughtily or with conceit.
Be moderate in
humility and sedateness.
Keep your gazes
lowered devoid of any lecherous leers and salacious stares.
If you do not
have complete knowledge about anything, better keep your mouth shut.
You might think that speaking about something without full knowledge is a
trivial matter. But it might have grave consequences.
When you hear
something malicious about someone, keep a favorable view about him/her until
you attain full knowledge about the matter. Consider others innocent until
they are proven guilty with solid and truthful evidence.
truth of any news, lest you smite someone in ignorance and afterwards repent
of what you did.
Do not follow
blindly any information of which you have no direct knowledge.
(Using your faculties of perception and conception) you must verify it for
yourself. In the Court of your Lord, you will be held accountable for your
hearing, sight, and the faculty of reasoning.
Never think that
you have reached the final stage of knowledge and nobody knows more than
yourself. Remember! Above everyone endowed with knowledge is another endowed
Even the Prophet
[PBUH] was asked to keep praying, "O My sustainer! Advance me in knowledge."
are but a single Brotherhood. Live like members of one family, brothers and
sisters unto one another.
Do not make
mockery of others or ridicule others.
Do not defame
Do not insult
others by nicknames.
and guesswork. Suspicion and guesswork might deplete your communal energy.
Spy not upon one
Do not backbite
When you meet
each other, offer good wishes and blessings for safety. One who conveys to
you a message of safety and security and also when a courteous greeting is
offered to you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous or (at least)
of equal courtesy.
When you enter
your own home or the home of somebody else, compliment the inmates.
Do not enter
houses other than your own until you have sought permission; and then greet
the inmates and wish them a life of blessing, purity and pleasure.
Treat kindly "
Your parents " Relatives " The orphans " And those who have been left alone
in the society.
Take care of "
The needy, " The disabled " Those whose hard earned income is insufficient
to meet their needs " And those whose businesses have stalled " And those
who have lost their jobs.
Treat kindly "
Your related neighbours, and unrelated neighbours " Companions by your side
in public gatherings, or public transportation.
Be generous to
the needy wayfarer, the homeless son of the street, and the one who reaches
you in a destitute condition.
Be nice to
people who work under your care.
Do not follow up
what you have given to others to afflict them with reminders of your
Do not expect a
return for your good behaviour, not even thanks.
one another in good deeds and do not cooperate with others in evil and bad
Do not try to
impress people on account of self-proclaimed virtues.
enjoin right conduct on others but mend your own ways first. Actions speak
louder than words. You must first practice good deeds yourself, then preach.
and your families first [before trying to correct others].
gracefully if anyone among you who commits a bad deed out of ignorance, and
then repents and amends.
sublimate your anger and potentially virulent emotions to creative energy,
and become a source of tranquility and comfort to people.
Call people to
the Way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful exhortation. Reason with them
themselves those who do not give any importance to the Divine code and have
adopted and consider it as mere play and amusement.
Sit not in the
company of those who ridicule Divine Law unless they engage in some other
Do not be
jealous of those who are blessed.
collective life, make rooms for others.
When invited to
dine, Go at the appointed time. Do not arrive too early to wait for the
preparation of meal or linger after eating to engage in bootless babble.
Such things may cause inconvenience to the host.
Eat and drink
[what is lawful] in moderation.
Do not squander
your wealth senselessly.
promises and commitments.
[9/108, 4/43, 5/6]
agreeable attire and adorn yourself with exquisite character from inside
provision only by fair endeavour.
Do not devour
the wealth and property of others unjustly, nor bribe the officials or the
judges to deprive others of their possessions.