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Prophet Muhammad (SAW) Synopsis

Names of Prophet (SAW)

Birth Details of Prophet (SAW)

Death Details of Prophet (SAW)

Total Life Span of Prophet (SAW)

Uncles of Prophet (SAW)

Aunts of Prophet (SAW)

Wives of Prophet (SAW)

Sons of Prophet (SAW)

Daughters of Prophet (SAW)

Battles

The Qura'an


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[Prophet Muhammad (SAW)]

  Prophet Muhammad (SAW)  (571-632 CE), founder of Islam, whose prophetic teachings, encompassing political and social as well as religious principles, became the basis of Islamic civilization.

Muhammad (SAW) was born in Mecca to Hazrat Abdullah and Hazrat Amna. He belonged to the clan of Hashim, a branch of the influential tribe of Quraysh. Orphaned as a small child, he was brought up by his uncle Abu Talib (RA). Like his fellow tribesmen, he became a trader. At the age of 25, he married Khadija (RA), a rich widow.

Muhammad (SAW) periodically withdrew to a cave outside Mecca to meditate and pray for guidance. During one of these retreats he reported experiencing a vision of the archangel Gabriel, who proclaimed him a prophet of God. He began to preach in public, reciting the verses of his revelation, which came to be known as the Qura'an. Muhammad (SAW)'s earliest teachings emphasized his belief in one transcendent but personal God, the Last Judgment, and social and economic justice. God, he asserted, had sent prophets to other nations throughout history, but, having failed to reform, those nations had been destroyed. Muhammad (SAW) proclaimed his own message, the Qura'an, to be the last revealed Book and himself to be the last of the prophets, consummating and superseding the earlier ones.

Insisting on the necessity of social reform, Muhammad (SAW) advocated improving the lot of slaves, orphans, women, and the poor and replacing tribal loyalties with the fellowship of Islamic faith. Muhammad (SAW) fled Mecca to escape his enemies, who were angered by his advocacy of social reforms. In 622 CE, he went to Medina, a city about 400 km (about 248 miles) to the north. This departure from Makkah is the hijrah (emigration), from which date the Muslim calendar begins. And from this date, Yathrib also became known as Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah. Muhammad (SAW) was given supreme authority in Medina, and he began to establish the ritual practices of Islam.

Resistance from Mecca remained, but after several battles the Meccans finally submitted peacefully to Muhammad (SAW) in 630. As tribes throughout Arabia were converted to Islam, Muhammad (SAW) became the most powerful leader in Arabia. He enforced the principles of Islam and established the foundation of the Islamic empire. In 632 he died suddenly and unexpectedly in Medina at the age of 63. Only one of his children survived, a daughter named Fatima (RA), who married Hazrat Ali (RA), the fourth caliph.

 Names of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

In Qura'an: Muhammad, Ahmrd

In Zaboor: Aaqib

In Torat: Ma'az

In Bible: Farqaleet

In Heaven: Abdul Kareem

In Sky: Mujtaba

In Earth: Mo'azzam

Anmbiyas call him: Abdul Wahab

Malaikas call him: Abdul Hameed

Allah call him: Yaseen

  In Depth Life Sketch... 

 Holy Names of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

1. Muhammad

2. Ahmed

3. Hamid

4. Mahmood

5. Mahi

6. Hashir

7. Aaqib

 About Holy Birth of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):   

Islamic Dates/Day/Time/Place:
12th Rabbi-ul-Awwal, Monday, Early in the morning (before sunrise) at Holy Makkah

English date/year: 17th June 569. A.D

Hindi date/year: 1st of Jaith 3672 Kul Jug

Other Dates
- 1st year of elephant. (on 40th day after elephant event)
- 2675th year to Prophet Noah's flood
- 2585th year to Prophet Ibrahimi year

 About Death of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

- 12th Rabbi-ul-Awwal 11 Hijrah

- 23rd Nabvimini_mohd

- 8th June, 632 A.D

- At the time of Chasht (after sunrise) in Madina Munawwarah
- Died in the house of Bibi Ayesha (RA).

- Buried in the house of Bibi Aysha (RA)

- Grave is exactly where he died in the room.

 Total Life Span of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

- 63 years + 0 month + 4 days + 6 hours or

- Total 22330 days or

- Total 535924 hours

- Stay in Holy Makkah - 53 years
- Stay in Holy Madina - 10 years

 Uncles of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

Total Uncles - 9
Only 2 embraced Islam - Syedna Hamza (RA) & Syedna Abbas (RA)

7 Uncles did not embraced Islam -
Aabu Talib, Abu Lahab, Zubair, Maqoom, Zarrar, Haris & Mugheera

 Aunts of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):  

Total Aunts - 6
Only one embraced Islam - Syeda Safia (RA)

5 Aunts did not embraced Islam -
Um-e-Hakeem Baiza (Grandmother of Syedna Usman (RA)),
Aroohi (some says perhaps she accepted Islam but not confirmed),
Ateka (some says perhaps she accepted Islam but not confirmed),
Barrah, Amemmah



 Wives of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) Azwaj-e-Mutaherat: 

Total Wives: 12

Wife Name

Age at the time of Nikkah

Wife's Status

Year

Prophet's Age

Wife's Age

Died

Buried

Before Nikkah

Other

Khateeja

15 B.N

25

40

10 A.N  

Makkah

Widow Twice

 

Sudah

10 A.N

50

50

23 hijra

Madina

Widow

 

Ayesha

02 hijra

55

10

57 hijra

Madina

Virgin

 

Hafsa

03 hijra

56

 

45 hijra

Madina

Widow

Husband died in Badar

Zanab Hazima

04 hijra

57

 

 

Madina

Widow

Husband died in Uhad

Umm-e-Salma

04 hijra

57

 

63 hijra

Madina

Widow

Husband died in Uhad

Zanab Hajash

04 hijra

57

 

20 hijra

Madina

Divorced

 

Javaria

05 hijra

58

15

50 hijra

Madina

Divorced

 

Umm-e-Habiba

05 hijra

58

 

44 hijra

Madina

Separated

Husband left Islam

Safia    

05 hijra

58

15

50 hijra

Madina

Divorced

 

Memoona

06 hijra 

59

 

51 hijra

Sarif  

Widow Twice

 

Maria Qubtia

 

 

 

16 hijra

Madina

 

 

Important Note:

a) Syeda Ayesha (RA) was the daughter of Sydna Abu Baker Siddique (RA)
b) Syeda Hafza was the daughter of Syedna Umer (RA)
c) Syeda Umm-e-Habiba was the daughter of Abu Sufiyan
d) Only Syeda Khateeja and Syeda Zainab Hazima died in prophet's life
e) 9 wives were alive when Prophet SAW passed away.

 Sons of Prophet Muhammad (SAW): 

Total Sons - 3

1. Syedna Qasim from Khateeja (RA)

2. Syedna Abdullah (Tayab, Tahir) from Khateeja (RA)

3. Syedna Ibraheem from Maria Qubtia (RA)

Note: All the sons died in their childhood, first 2 are burried in Jannat-ul-Moalla, Makkah and last one is in Jannat-ul-Baqqi, Madina.

 Daughters of Prophet Muhammad (SAW): 

Total Daughters - 4

1. Syeda Zainab (RA), married with Abual Bin Aas Bin Rabbi

2. Syeda Ruqayyia (RA), married with Syedna Usman Bin Affan

3. Syeda Um-e-Kulsoom (RA), married with Syedna Usman Bin Affan

4. Syeda Fatima Zuhra (RA),  married with Syedna Ali Bin Abi Talib.

Note: All daughters were from Um-ul-Momeneen Syeda Khatija (RA). All daughters except Syeda Fatima died in Prophets' life. All daughters buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi, Madina.
 

 Battles

Battles in which Prophet took part physically, called Ghazwat. Battles in which Prophet not command physically, called Sarayas

Total Ghazwats/Sarayas - 27

01. Wadan

08. Qar-Qara Lekaarmd

15. Banu Mutlaq

22. Vadi-e-Anqra

02. Bawat

09. Uzfan

16. Ahzab/Trench

23. Zat- ul- Raqa

03. Safwan 

10. Uhad

17. Banu Qareeza

24. Makkah

04. Zu-Alasheera

11. Hmra-O-Asad

18. Banu Lahyan

25. Hunnain

05. Badar Kura

12. Banu Naseer

19. Ze-Farda

26. Taif

06. Qaneeqah

13. Badar-Akhir

20. Hudabiya

27. Tubook

07. Al-Saweeq

14. Domta Jandol

21. Khyber

 

AL-Quran  The Qura'an,  sacred scripture of Islam. Muhammad (SAW) applied the name to individual revelations that he received from Allah. The name was later used for the book containing the divine revelations given to Muhammad (SAW). Recorded by secretaries and memorized by his followers, the collection was compiled shortly after Muhammad (SAW)'s death in 632. Arabic scholars produced an authorized version in the early 650s. The earliest known work in Arabic prose, the Qura'an consists of 114 suras (chapters) and contains the Islamic religious, social, civil, commercial, military, and legal codes. The chief doctrines in the Qura'an are that only one God and one true religion exist; all will undergo final judgment; and when humankind turned from truth, God sent prophets to lead the way back. Accepted by Muslims as the utterance of the Almighty, the Qura'an is held to be above criticism. Copies of the book are treated with great reverence. Read All About Qura'an

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